20 Roof species you need to know about
Architecture, Decor, Workshop
If the interior of your house is a brain, then the roof is a skull. In other words, it protects the delicate structure of your home's interior from external influences. Nevertheless, despite its importance, the roof makes up only3% of the total cost of building a house.And, unfortunately, they often neglect the choice of roof construction, which can only lead to a loss of money.
In order for you to better understand the types of roofing, we have put together20 basic designsthat you should be aware of.
1. Open gable roof
What could be better than starting our survey with a very popular gable roof? Theseroofs have been used since time immemorial inancient Roman and Greek architecture. What makes them so popular?
Well, for starters, they are relatively inexpensive and also havea wide range of designs. In addition, pointed roofs have a simple design principle, compared to other complex roof structures in this article. Pointed roofs also provide greater protection against rain and snow.
2. Box with a gable roof
This type of roof is very similar to the gable described above, but with one small exception. On the box with a gable roof there is atriangular extension on both sides of the house.This is the only difference between these two constructs
3. Outhouse with a single roof
This design is quite widely used in modern homes. The mainroof has a slope that resembles the mirror slope on the annex.
The combination of these various roof designs together has an aesthetic effect.This allows you to build walls of different heights, like the houses shown in the figure below.
4. Roof Dormer
Next on our list is thedormerconstruct. It has an additional structure over the existing roof structure. This structure is usually under the roof and contains a window outside the plane of the pitched roof. The photo below shows the dormer roof structure. Such a structure can beusedto expand the internal space.
5. Hinged roof (hipped roof)
So, what is thefour-sloperoof? Compared with simple gabled roofs, which have inclined structures on 2 sides of the building, hipped roofs have slopes on all sides. In addition to additional protection from rain, hipped roofs are also better suitedin windy conditions.
But there is a downside, this is the cost. Four-slope roofs are more expensive compared to a simple gable roof. In addition, inclined planes mean that there is almost no attic space, as shown in the image below.
6. Hip and End Roof
These are modified or extended versions of a simple tent. However, the difference in the roof structure is due to the shape of the building. If the building is notrectangular, or T or L-shaped, thenhip and roof roof constructionwill be used for this building. Take a look at that will make it easier to understand this design.
7. Roof Gumbler
The roof gabler is very similar to the standard gable roof, however,instead of one slope on each side, the design has two slopes. This type is usually used in the construction of barns, but in combination with the construction of dormer can be used in ordinary houses.
8. Mansard roof
Mansard roofs were invented in France byarchitect Francois Mansart. You can see a similar design in many European countries, including France.
Despite its popularity among aristocratic buildings, mansard roofs are not so widely used in ordinary homes. Not only are they much more expensive than the more popular roofing structures, they have a rather complicated structure. If you plan to use the roof roof in your house, then we suggest that you first consult with an experienced specialist.
9. Roof butterfly
Simply put, the butterfly roof is nothing more than an inverted gable roof. This type of construction is completely new compared to other roofing structures shown in this list.The butterfly roof was invented byWilliam Creel and Dan Palmer in the late 1950s. The first roof was created by a Swiss-French architect namedLe Corbusier, who used it for a holiday home inChile in 1930.
10. Dutch gable roof
This is afusion between hip and gable roofs. As you can see in the figure below, part of the gable is located on the top of the hip roof. This design has many advantages.
The Dutch gable roof has a relatively large attic room, in addition, this design increases stiffness, which leads to greater resistance to bad weather conditions.In other words, it combines the strength of a gable roof and does not have the flaws of a hip roof.
11. Hexagon Gazebo
Hex roofs are not suitable for every home.In fact, they are mainly intended to improve aesthetics, not practicality.One of the most common places where you will see a hexagonal roof is the gazebo.The figure below shows a gazebo with a hexagonal roof on top.
12. Gutter roof
Unlike the Dutch gable, the roof has a large pediment with cut edges that resemble a hip construction.
The advantage of this design in increasing the space of the attic, compared to the standard hip roof, and resistance to strong winds. However, as you can see in the figure, it has a complex structure that significantly increases its cost.
13. Roof with the top row of windows
This constructionhas a row of windows at the top, as you can see in the figure below.Since the windows are very high, they prevent invasion of privacy.
So, what is its function? Perhapsyou guessed it, this designto penetrate a lot of natural light into the building.In addition, as a result of excessive natural light, the room is warmer during the cold winter months.
14. Sawtooth roof
Previously, sawtooth roofs were usually used in industrial buildings, butthis design philosophy slowly developed into modern homes. By definition, a roof consists of a series of ridges with vertical panes that meet the pitched roof. So what are the advantages of this roof construction?
The sawtooth roof also lets in plenty of natural light. However, unlike the roof with the upper row of windows, the saw-tooth roof has vertical windows on each segment.
15. Flat roof
Although flat roofs are quite common in commercial or industrial buildings, they are also used in many residential buildings.However, if you live in an area with heavy rainfall and snowfall, we recommend that you do not choose this design.
16. M-Shaped Roof
As the name implies, M-shaped roofs resemble the letter M.In other words, the design consists of two combined gable roofs.
Needless to say, snow and rain will certainly be collected in the inside. In areas with high rainfall and snowfall, the use of this design is not recommended.
17. Roof Saltbox
Saltboxis quite common inNew England, USA.In fact, the first house with a similar design was built in New England and is a symbol of American colonial architecture. The roof is very similar to the gable roof,however it has asymmetrical slopes.
This design philosophy leads to several problems. The internal space on the back of the house is very limited due to the roof, which is close to the ground. In addition, complex construction also increases costs.
18. Saddle roof
The single-pitch roof has a slope, as you can see in the figure below.Many modern houses prefer to use this style of roofing, since it not only provides more internal space, in contrast to the gable roof or hipped roof.
Another advantage of installing a similar roof is simplicity. These roofs are easy to install and do not require as much building materials as some of our list.However, if you live in an area prone to tornadoes and hurricanes, we suggest not using this design.
19. Combined roofs
As the name implies, combined roofs combine several simple structures. Look at the picture below, for example, it includes a gable roof along with a hipped roof for the front porch. Combined roofs are more suitable for complex architectures.
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