Book Binding Leather
It is no secret that in the distant past, the pages of books were inscribed by hand, so the manuscripts were very expensive. Folios binders were made of leather, based on its properties: it is resistant to high and low temperatures, it can protect the pages of the collection from moisture, dust and sunlight. It is thanks to this that many historical manuscripts have been preserved.
Today, the production of books is on a large scale. The covers of modern volumes are most often plastic or cardboard - such material costs a little, is practical and can be produced in large quantities. But despite this, leather bindings are made to this day for the release of limited collection series, for weaving books of private collections and for decorating publications bought as a gift. For the production of book covers, a large number of varieties of this material are used.
Artificial is widely distributed and cheaper than natural, has a variety of textures and textures.The most high-quality material has a non-woven base and has a thermosetting layer on top, which allows it to darken like a natural when embossed without foil. Another type of leatherette is covered with polyurethane, which is why it is well glued, can be embossed with foil and sewn.
Genuine leather is an expensive material. Most often it is used for exclusive designer bindings of gift books and printed relics. In Russia, the following grades of natural material were used as cover materials in the entire history of bookbinding:
- ram - thin sheepskin, easily painted. Used at the end of the 19th century for mass production of bindings.
- Sheep is the cheapest skin that has been bound in books since the late 19th century. With special processing, it can imitate more valuable species.
- Bullish - strong and rough. Applies only to bindings with a knife-cut pattern.
- A foal is a foal's skin. Stiff, water permeable. Used at the end of the 19th century for mass production.
- goat - does not tolerate humidity. It was distributed at the end of the 19th century for a massive interweaving of books.
- pork - durable, rough, has a bumpy relief. By nature, gray, with tan alum acquires a white color.
- The seals are strong, with strong relief. It was used in the 19th century for the production of publishing covers.
- chrome, it's also a velor. Fleecy, dense, made from small livestock skins.
- Suede - waterproof, velvety and soft leather of a deer, sheep or carpets.
- morocco - tanned sheep skin, expensive, with beautiful relief, very durable and well painted. I came to Russia from the city of Safi in Morocco.
- stamp - embossed morocco
- yuft - skinned with the use of tar horse or cow skin, has a black color. From the yufty, publishing covers were made in the 19th century.
- shagreen leather - tanned horse or donkey skin.
- fantasy - pressed or mramirovannaya calf leather, with a variety of reliefs. Appeared in the 20th century.
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