How to make a smokehouse from barrels
The presented model of the smokehouse is made quite simply. Necessary tools - grinder with a disc for metal, a drill or screwdriver, a standard set of pliers and screwdrivers. Use of the welding machine is not required. The service life of such a smokehouse, if properly used, can be more than a dozen years.2. Standard aluminum tubes of square shape - of them we will make a stand for our smokehouse. 3. Fire bricks - 28 pieces. With their help, the temperature of smoking and the intensity of smoke supply from the lower barrel to the upper one will be regulated. Ordinary bricks will not work. 4. Lattice. One large or several small. There will be meat while smoking. 5. Galvanized pipe to let smoke out. 6. Metal pipe (easy to make by hand) for connecting two barrels. 7. Bolts, screws, nuts, washers and corners to them of stainless materials. 8. Special silicone sealant for metal, not afraid of high temperatures. 9. Fireproof thermometer. If desired, it can be installed on the smokehouse next to the grill. It will provide control over the temperature of smoking. After preparing the materials and tools, you can proceed directly to work.
Materials for the smokehouseSearch and purchase of the necessary materials will not take long. You will need: 1. Three metal barrels. You need to choose such barrels that were not used previously for the storage of any chemical agents. We consider the manufacture of smokehouse on the example of barrels of 200 liters. Two barrels must have a tight-fitting lid without holes, or it will have to be cut out of the same material and welded. Ideally, the barrels should not be painted, but if there are no other options, the paint can be burned,only you need to do at the preparation stage, and not when the smokehouse is assembled.
We make a stand for the smokehouseThe stand will be used to place the bottom barrel of the smokehouse on it. To find out the dimensions of the frame, you need to measure the diameter of the cross section of the barrels. The finished stand should consist of four tubes 120 - 140 cm long, fastened together by two tubes at a height of 20 - 30 cm from the ground. Aluminum tubes are fastened to each other with screws or bolts. To ensure a strong hold, use washers and metal corners. You can additionally attach stainless steel squares to the frame legs, this will give more stability to the structure.
Marking of barrelsOne of the barrels will act as a "bottom pot". Place the barrel on the prepared frame and place the marks in two places of the body where it will be attached to the stand. Then on the "front" you need to note the future door, through which you will put inside the material for smoke and clean the furnace from soot. In the upper left part, draw a circular hole with a diameter of 25 - 30 cm - for a short branch pipe that connects both barrels and will be used as a channel for transferring heat and smoke from the bottom of the smokehouse to the top. The second barrel will be located above the first. At first, simply lay it horizontally on a flat surface.On the side face you need to mark a rectangular door, the area of which should provide a convenient laying of meat on the grid. It remains to mark the hole on the left side of the upper barrel for the chimney, but we will do this later, after installing the refractory bricks and the grating.
We cut and drillMaking sure that the markings on both barrels are done correctly, you have to cut through all the holes with the help of a grinder on the metal. First, we make neat cuts on three sides of each rectangle, then slightly push the door inward and perform the control cut. The hole for the connector-connector is performed in the same way. If you mistakenly drilled some holes, you need to seal them with a sealant. On the right side of the bottom side of the lower barrel you needDrill a few dozen holes of 2 - 3 mm in size in the form of a mesh with a drill. They are needed for admission to the smokehouse oxygen. Cut a metal cap suitable for the size of the holes. Using a single screw and washer, secure the cover so that the ventilation can be adjusted completely. While the smokehouse is operating, the lid will become very hot, so you should supply it with a pen in advance.
We connect the barrels with a nozzleAn important point when installing the nozzle is to achieve a tight, fully hermetic seal at the points of contact with the material of the drums.To do this, bend the bezel of the nozzle inside the upper and lower barrels as much as possible and use a special sealant. If the joining points of the nozzle and the walls of the barrels will not be fixed enough, then a significant part of the heat and smoke will be wasted, and the products placed on the grill will, at best, simply be boiled, but not smoked.
Installing doorsIt’s impossible to use the cut sections of barrels as doors, the covers should be 2 - 3 cm wider than holes - this is necessary to prevent the ingress of excess air.For the manufacture of doors, we use the third barrel. The metal sections cut out in the previous stage will serve as a good layout - it is enough to attach them to the surface of the barrel and delineate the contour by adding a couple of cm on each side. high-temperature silicone. It must completely seal the doors in the places of their contact with the edges of the barrel. Leave it for two days for complete freezing.
Install the refractory bricksIn the bottom parts of the barrels you need to install support fins for bricks. They can be conveniently and quickly made from previously cut metal sections. The ribs will need at least 10 pieces, the thickness of each - 2 - 3 cm. On the ribs lay out refractory bricks. If the barrel is a standard 200-liter barrel, then it will have three horizontal rows of four bricks in each, and one brick at the side walls. They should fit tightly to each other, without noticeable cracks and irregularities. At the same time, there should be a gap of 3-4 cm between the rightmost brick and the side wall - it is necessary for free circulation of smoke and access to it.oxygen from the vents.
Install a chimneySet a grill-lattice on the bricks in the top barrel. If the grill is large, it can be cut into several pieces. The hole for the chimney pipe must be made in the right side edge of the barrel, at a height of 1 to 2 cm from the surface of the grate. The optimal diameter of the chimney pipe is 12–13 cm - such a pipe will provide a balance between the intensity of coal smoldering and the speed of the smoke output to the outside. not the slightest crack. Above the chimney should be installed in advance visorto prevent rain from getting inside the structure.
Trial firing of the smokehouseImmediately after the assembly of the smokehouse, it cannot be used for its intended purpose. First you have to do a little preparation: put a few kilograms of coal in each firebox, set fire and leave the vent open - let it flare up with maximum power.
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