How to putty walls?
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If you decide to do the repair yourself, you may well save a lot of money, but the quality of the work may suffer. Learn how to putty the walls smoothly and efficiently so that the repair turned out to be no worse than that of the masters.
How to putty walls - the choice of materials
Let's start with the choice of materials, because in such an abundance of the range in modern stores it is very easy to get confused. How to choose a putty? Fundamentally, it differs only in one thing: it can be already ready for work, and sold in various pails and banks; or it is sold dry and must be diluted with water for its operation. Ready it makes sense to buy if you are not sure of your stirring skills, and are afraid to make it the wrong consistency or skip the lumps. Building mixes are ideally bred with a construction mixer, but you can do it yourself on a quite decent level. You can choose a putty, focusing on the KR marking - this is a regular putty, and LR is a putty for wet rooms, which is suitable for repairing a bathroom.You will also need spatulas, it is better to take a few and small, and wide for processing large surfaces and corners or protrusions and angular. Sandpaper will also be needed to correct minor irregularities after completion.
How to putty the walls under the wallpaper
This should be done in order to align the walls and so that the wallpaper lies flat and well kept, without forming bubbles and folds. First we remove the old wallpaper and completely clean the walls, then we coat them with a primer. Apply the putty in an even layer of about 2 millimeters. If the layer is thicker than 5 millimeters, then the putty may not dry or crack and begin to crumble.
On a large trowel, apply a small amount of putty with a small trowel, then spread the putty on the wall, holding the trowel at an angle of about 20-30 degrees. So you can get an even layer, and it will not be too thick. The easiest way is to move the spatula diagonally - this way you will control the angle, it is convenient to hold and putty in two directions simultaneously. Layers are applied nearby, it is even possible to overlap slightly, leveling the putty before it has dried, so that there are no extra bumps and transitions.Do not immediately try to do everything perfectly, even the professionals have traces of any trowel, and the putty itself has an invoice. So do not stand over each strip for half an hour, aligning each grain and small stripes.
How to putty the walls at the corners? Take the putty with an ordinary small spatula and apply to the corner on both sides of the walls, then take the corner spatula and, moving from top to bottom, level the putty layer with it. After applying the putty on the walls, you must leave it alone for 12 hours to dry. Then you can proceed to the final part - with sandpaper sanding irregularities. Then, if necessary, priming the walls again and applying an additional layer, if there were large irregularities. After drying and another primer, you can glue the wallpaper.
How to putty the walls for painting
It will take much more effort, since it is necessary not only to get rid of the large irregularities of the wall, but to make the wall as smooth as possible. The application scheme will in principle be the same, but you may have to apply repeated layers in order to correct the defects, while sanding the walls should also be especially careful.In order to be more careful in applying the putty, it is better to replace the big spatula with a medium spatula (up to 60 cm) and use fine emery paper. It is necessary that the room at the same time was as light as possible and, if possible, it is better to highlight the treated wall. If you do not need to repair the entire wall, and you only need to adjust the piece, then you can partially putty. Just use a small spatula and sandpaper, while filling the cracks and smoothing the roughness.
You can use putty and for decorative purposes, creating a small relief for painting. To do this, take a special putty, which has a special texture and composition and normally holds even when applied with a thick layer. To do this, we initially align the walls with a regular putty, and then apply decorative putty with the help of a figured spatula, creating waves, zigzags, or any other embossed drawings. Such putty will dry longer and good skills are required for its application, but it looks spectacular after painting.
You can also see how to putty walls or how to putty a ceiling, drywall, etc.Video tutorials are available online, and the process from the side you can see in the TV shows about repairing your own hands, "School repair", "Housing problem" and others.
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