Paper model of PT-ACS Sturmgesch t tz III Ausf. F
Materials and tools:
- scissors, paper knife, drawing ruler
- glue brushes and paint;
- watercolors (or pencils), toothpicks;
- clear acrylic glue ("Moment", etc.);
- to print the model matte photo paper with a density of 170-180 g / m2;
- for small parts - 70-80 g / m2.
- Before you assemble the part, read the drawings and instructions. Determine the place of each part and imagine its assembly;
- Make holes in details before cutting out the part;
- Cut only the part (s) you need right now. Unpacked items in a box, and unused sheets in a closed folder (as an option). Throwing out trash after work, carefully inspect the scrap paper;
- To better fold the part, it is necessary to hold the ruler along the fold line, pressing lightly with the blunt side of the knife or a toothpick so as not to damage the paper surface. Better to do it from the wrong side of the part;
- Keep your fingers clean and be sure to use wipes to wipe your hands, because hands may get dirty in the process;
- wind up cylindrical parts before gluing onto a round object of a suitable diameter, this will give them shape;
- Before gluing it is necessary to paint the ends of the part. White crop lines spoil the overall look of the model. To paint the ends, use watercolors or gouache paints. After selecting the desired color, apply them in a thin layer, then allow the paint to dry. About markers better to forget;
- Take your time with gluing. First, cut out the part, paint it from the end, wait for the paint to dry, assemble the part. Attach it to the place where it should be to make sure everything is done correctly. And only then stick. Do not forget to let the glue dry.
A bit of history
German anti-tank self-propelled artillery mount Sturmgesch t tz III Ausf. F
In 1935, Erich von Manstein sent a memorandum to the Chief of General Staff, General Beck, in which he justified the need to create self-propelled guns, well protected by armor and capable of quickly eliminating enemy firing points.As conceived by the officer, if necessary, such a weapon could also incapacitate enemy tanks. The gun had to be used in conjunction with the infantry, not to make a breakthrough independently and act not as large units, but as platoons. With this note, the future great German warlord of the Second World War laid the foundation for a new kind of mechanized troops - assault artillery. The idea was received ambiguously. Opponents of Manstein's plan (among which, for example, Heinz Guderian included, for example) believed that the tanks would be able to cope well with the support of the infantry. For example, the tank Pz. IV was originally armed with an anti-personnel gun. Unlike self-propelled guns, the tank had a rotating turret, which allowed firing in any direction. However, after weighing everything in &outfor»and"against",theGermanHighCommandstilldecidedtodevelopmobilearmoredinfantrysupportvehicles.Thedevelopmentwasentrustedtothefirm«Daimler-Benz</RTI></RTI>>,andthe" Krupp & I had to create a 75mm gun for her and a carriage for him.
In June 1937, the first five experimental machines left the conveyors of factories. The basis for their creation was the modified chassis of the PzKpfv III tank.Short-barreled 75-millimeter gun was installed in a low-profile fully enclosed armored cabin. Machine-gun weapons on the first modification was not envisaged. The car received a fairly low silhouette and a good reservation, but not a very powerful engine, because of what it could develop a speed of no more than 25 km / h. The first machines were not intended for combat use, since their hulls and chops were made of non-armored steel. After extensive and comprehensive tests at the Kummersdorf test site, these self-propelled guns were transferred to an artillery school where they were used until 1941.
In 1940, after making all the necessary changes in the design, the factories «Daimler-Benz» released the first batch of new cars. Combat samples received another engine, frontal armor 50 mm thick and an improved chassis. The new technique was called the “7.5 cm Sturmgeschutz III Ausf A,” or abbreviated as StuG III. A little more than a month passed, and the first batteries of these guns had already fought in France. As a result of the campaign, the assault guns received high ratings from the command and positive responses from the crews.
Convinced of the efficiency of the "launcher", the Wehrmacht command ordered the transfer of production from the overloaded plants «Daimler-Benz»tothecompany"Alkett",wheretheoutputwasbroughtto30carsperday.Untiltheendof1940,184unitswereproduced,andin1941thetroopsreceived548vehicles.TheStuGIII'sassaultrifleswerethemostpopularexampleofGermanassaultgunsinWorldWarII.Intotal,morethan10.5thousandcopieswereproduced.Inadditiontocombateffectiveness,&lacarte» differed and much less cost compared to tanks, and not even with Pz. IV, the former at that time the best armored vehicle of the Wehrmacht, and with inferior to him in all Pz. III. The cost of the tank was approaching 105 thousand marks, and the "shtuga" raka. - only 82.5 thousand.
Already during the first battles on the Eastern Front, the low effectiveness of the 75mm StuK 37 cannon as an anti-tank weapon was revealed. Therefore, on September 28, 1941, Hitler, by a special order, demanded an increase in the capacity of tank and self-propelled guns. According to this order all tanks and automatic control systems were to receive long-barreled guns. It should be noted that as early as 1940, the Krupp company created several samples of the 75mm StuK lang L / 40 cannon with an initial velocity of an armor-piercing projectile of 634 m / s.However, preference was given to the 75mm StuK 40 L / 43 cannon of the company "Rheinmetall-Borsig", which successfully fitted into the cabin of the ACS StuG III Ausf. E.
The production of assault guns, armed with this gun, began in March 1942 under the designation Sturmgesch uz 40 Ausf. F (Sd.Kfz.142 / 1). In general, these automatic control systems were similar to the modification E machines, but they also had a number of differences. In particular, a new welded gun mask was introduced, and an electric fan appeared on the cabin roof. The installation of the new gun entailed a change in the placement of ammunition in the fighting compartment, the number of art shots increased to 54. The gun was equipped with an Sfl ZF la sight, the head of which was brought out through an aperture of a modified form. From June 1942, the frontal armor of the hull and the cabin was reinforced with 30mm armor plates fastened with bolts. The weight of the car increased by 450 kg, and the maximum speed dropped to 38 km / h. Option F assault guns were produced from March to September 1942. During this time, the workshop of the plant «Alkett» abandoned 364 combat vehicles. Four self-propelled guns of the F model were used as prototypes of the StuH 42 self-propelled assault howitzer.
After the end of World War II, StuG III continued to be in service with a number of states: Romania, Spain, Egypt, Syria, etc.By now, «stuff»movedtomuseumsandonpedestals.Machinesremaining“onthego”arefeaturedinfeaturefilms,andareinvolvedinhistoricalreconstructions.Oneofthesurviving«pieces» was raised by search engines from the swamp under the Velikiy Luki in the Pskov Region. Currently, it is on display in the Saratov Museum of the Great Patriotic War on Sokolov Hill.
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