Pumps for pumping liquids: types and features

When selecting pumps for home (or giving) it is important to properly separate them. Some are needed for watering or gardening, others provide the house with drinking water, others are used for drainage and drainage works. But of particular importance are those pumps that are used for pumping water and other liquids.

Drainage pump: types and features

With the help of drainage pumps, they usually pump liquids from various sources. Moreover, drainage pumps cope even with polluted liquids and those in which there are solid inclusions such as lumps of earth, small pebbles, etc. The drainage pump is used in different household needs: in the household economy, in construction, in industry, and in the pool.
Plus, the drainage pump is that it is quite versatile. After all, he is able not only to pump out excess water, but also to serve as a device for watering or irrigating a vegetable garden.
The pumped over water is more often not pure, but with various inclusions.According to experts, the drainage pump easily copes with inclusions from 3 to 12 mm in size. At the same time, the device is characterized by increased durability of the installation and is classified as highly reliable. In this regard, such pumps are often combined with fecal, used for sewage systems. As a result, the drainage pump is able to cope quite easily with sewage.
The work of drainage pumps is provided by electric motors, so that their performance is much higher than that of other analogues. However, it is necessary to take into account the fact that in those areas where access to power grids is difficult, pumps with an internal combustion engine can be used.
The main types of drainage pumps are distinguished according to the method of water pumping (surface and submersible). In the first case, the pump is installed on a special platform directly above the water tank. It is joined by a flexible pipe (hose), which is immersed in water. As a result, water is pumped out without contact of the device body and liquid. This allows you to keep it clean and not subject to constant cleaning.In addition, surface pumps can be easily moved from place to place and used in any convenient place. According to reviews, for a country house is better to choose just such a model.
It should be remembered that this model has no special requirements for waterproofing the engine, because it does not come into contact with water.
The submersible version is either completely or partially immersed in water. It sucks water straight through the bottom of the installation, to which it joins. In this situation, a special filter is installed at the bottom, which purifies water from microparticles. At the same time, there is no need to worry about the engine either - it is reliably protected from contact with water. All parts of this pump are made only from the highest quality materials (stainless steel, cast iron, aluminum, etc.), with the result that the device itself becomes very reliable.
The main advantage of submersible models is that they have a float switch. This is the element that responds to the water level. As soon as the latter drops to a critical level and there is a threat of a dry pump running, the float turns off the pump. a similar device may have a surface pump.In this case, the float is necessary to measure the rise of water. As soon as it passes through the allowable mark, the pump turns on and begins to pump out excess water.

How to care for the pump

Naturally, the pump, like any other device, needs care. To do this, regularly inspect it for any defects. Be sure to evaluate the condition of the hose. And if it suddenly starts to confuse you (there are leaks, reduced water pressure, etc.), try to replace the pipe with a new one.
As for pumps with filter, they also can not be ignored. For normal and productive operation of the pump, be sure to clean the filter regularly, and if necessary, change it to a new one.
You can purchase all the necessary consumables in any specialized or construction store. And by themselves they are not so expensive. In any case, certainly cheaper than the new pump.
And, of course, watch the water level. After all, there is a great risk, despite the presence of fuses, to burn the engine, if the pump runs idle for a long time. Hence the conclusion: use the pump aimlessly and constantly can not.It is necessary to start it for work only as necessary (when the water has risen above the specified and a certain level). In addition, you should not use the pump in temperature conditions lower than that provided for in the instruction manual for such a device.
If you follow these simple enough rules, your pump will work for a long time and will not force you to spend money every year to buy new equipment.

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